Bunch Berries (Cornus canadensis): Grows in the shade of heath, azaleas, etc. Short, compact plant with white flowers and green leaves give way to red berries and bright crimson foliage in the fall. Location: Roaring Plains, eastern portion of the South Prong Trail, MNF, WV.
American Honeysuckle (Sambucus Canadensis): Unlike Japanese Honeysuckle, this is not a vine but rather a bush. This one is at the Long Pond Trailhead on Fifteen Mile Creek Rd, GRSF, MD.
Star of Bethlehem (Ornithogalum umbellatum): An escaped domestic from the Lily family. Beautiful but considered invasive. Location: Along Raven Rock Falls off of Gunpowder River in April.
Moss Phlox (Phlox subulata): Very similar to garden phlox. found in different colors. Location: Great Falls NP, MD. Photo by Ken Clark.
Early Saxifrage (Saxifraga virginiensis): Small clusters of fragrant white flowers on naked stalks from the center of oval basal leaves. Blooms April to June. As you can see they like rocks. Location: Shenk's Ferry Wild Flower Preserve, Holtwood Recreation Area, PA.
Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis) : An early riser in spring. Grows out from under dead leaves on the Forest floor. Location: AT near Reeds Gap, VA.
White Trout Lily (Erythronium
Round Leaf Hepatica/ White variant (Hepatica americana): Comes in blue, pink and violet. Early bloomer (March April) along streams and creeks. Location: Piney Run Trail, SNP, VA.
Canada Violet (Viola canadensis): Perhaps the tallest violet at a maximum height of 16 inches. Location: Jeremy's Run Tr, SNP, VA.
Sweet White Violet (Viola blanda): Found in shady areas. Common.
Mustard (Alliaria officinalis) is a very invasive
alien plant. Environmental groups and government agencies
conduct programs just to manually inhibit the spread of this
weed. Note the heavily veined maple shaped leaves. Location:
GWNF, Mau-Har Trail
Downy Rattlesnake-Plantain (Goodyera pubescens). Found in deep woods under brush. In the orchid family. Location Saint Mary's Wilderness, VA.
Whorled Wood Aster (Aster acuminatus) - Large, toothed leaves appear whorled around the stem beneath a cluster of flowers with sparse petals. Location: Saint Mary's Wilderness.
White Wood Aster: (Aster divaricatus): Note the stalked , heavily toothed, heart-shaped leaves. Often has a reddish stem. Location: AT, Three Ridges Wilderness, GWNF, VA.
Mayapple (Podophyllum peltatum): One large, nodding white flower usually hiding under two multi-lobed thick leaves. Gives rise to crab apple size fruit which is a favorite of deer. Photo by Ken Clark.
One-Flower Cancer Root (Orobanche uniflora). A parasitic plant. Blooms April through June. Likes damp areas. Location: Jeremy's Run Tr, SNP, VA.
Tall Meadow Rue (Thalictrum pubescens): A tall (3-4 ft) plant found in wet meadows and swamps. Blooms in June-August. Location: Gunpowder loop Trail, MD.
Rhododendron (Rhododendron maximum): Grow along water,in valleys and even on mountains. Bloom in July and are white to light pink. Location: Laurel Run Trail, Great North Mt., GWNF, WV.
Mapleleaf Viburnum, Viburnum acerifolium: Clusters of tiny white flowers bracketed by two maple-like leaves. Yields small black berries.
Water horehound (Lycopus americanus): A non-aromatic mint. Clusters of small white flowers around a square stem with opposing toothed, lanceolet leaves. Thrives in wet areas. Location: Williams River, Tea Creek Backcountry, MNF, WV.
Wood Stonecrop (Sedum ternatum): Grows in rocky areas in the shade. Location: North Fork Mt. Trail, MNF, WV.
Fly Poison, Amianthium muscaetoxicum: A lily. Grows well in the shade. Native Americans and mountain folks mixed sugar with the ground roots to serve as fly poison. Location: Tuscarora Trail between Mill Mt. Trail and Stony Run Trail, GWNF, VA. Photo by Ken Clark.
White Burgamot or Basal Balm (Monarda clinopo-dia): Found in the same areas as M. didyma. Location: Williams River, Tea Creek Backcountry, MNF, WV.
Climbing Fumitory, Mountain Fringe, Allegheny Vine (Adlumia fungosa): Vines can grow up to 12 feet in length. Likes to grow on rock faces. Location" Long Pond Trail. Photo by Ken Clark.
Dwarf Ginseng (Panax trifolium): 4-8 inches. Blooms May-July in moist forests. Location: AFT, PA
Flowering Spurge (Euphorbia corollata): Found in dry open woods and fields. Stems contain a milky juice which has been used as a laxative. An overdose can be poisonous! Location: Long Pond Trail, GRSF, MD. Photo by Ken Clark.
Tall Deer Berry (Vaccinium stamineum): A blueberry-like heath with wide open white flowers/w yellow stamens and pistils. Grows to about 6 feet. Blooms in May. Bears green to yellow fruit. Location: AT, James River Face, Gleenwood RD, JNF, VA.
Virginia Knotweed (Tovara Virginiana): A smartweed. The bush can get quite tall. Grows in moist areas. Location: Along the New River, WV.