Cowans Gap SP - Tuscarora Tr

Description: I’ve been looking for some more challenging PA day hikes within driving distance of Baltimore. We’ve pretty much covered all the trails in the Holtwood Recreation Area in the east and Michaux State Forest in South - Central PA. Gifford SP, also in the east, is on the schedule for this fall. Internet searches kept coming up with hits for Cowans Gap State Park in Buchanan State Forest. So I thought we’d check it out. I was not disappointed even though the hike described here includes a 5 mile out-and-back (total) and I am not a big fan of retracing my steps any appreciable distance. The vista (even with the graffiti) was well worth it. 

This is an 11.2 mile strenuous circuit. It can be shortened by removing the out-and-back to the best vista in Southern PA and/or the climb up to Cowans Mountain for even more views. If you do the entire circuit you’ll gain 2100 feet in elevation and lose just as much. Some of this is quite steep, especially at the beginning as you ascend rocky Tuscarora Mt and also near the end of the hike on either side of Cowans Mt as you traverse the Horseshoe Tr.

I’ve never been on a steeper trail, not even in the Black Forest. A short portion of the hike follows the edge of the campgrounds but that’s no bother since it seems the campers aren’t aware of the existence of the trail. We found little litter there. The rewards for your efforts are 5 vistas, a stroll along a pretty stream, the lake itself and one hell of a workout. Allow plenty of time for this one!

Google Custom Directions

Park in the lot closest to the bathrooms.

The Tuscarora Trail is part of the Great Eastern Trail (GET).


Printable/Downloadable Map

View 3-D Map

Zipped National Geographic. TOPO! GPS and Universal GPX Files

GPS Text File for Non-TOPO! Users

Trail Notes: All trails are blazed (except for the Knobsville Rd Tr) and signed at the junctions. The colors on the map match the colors of the blazes. 

From the bathrooms cross Aughwick Rd and walk back down towards the triangle intersection. Turn right into a small picnic area. The blue blazes for the Tuscarora Tr starts on an old woods road that parallels Richmond road which you drove up on. In 0.25 miles from the start turn right onto a footpath and begin climbing to the ridge of Tuscarora Mt. The climb is aided by recently installed switchbacks. Notice that you’ll cross the original trail several times as you climb. As you ascend the trail becomes rockier. You’ll pass vistas on the left in another 0.52 and then 0.27 miles more further up the ridge. 

In another 0.38 miles the tread changes into a grassy jeep road with the junction of Geyer Tr on the right. Stay straight on the Tuscarora Tr. Pass the junction of white blazed Log Slide Tr on the right in 0.65 miles. Watch carefully as, in another 1.14 miles, the Tuscarora leaves the jeep road on a footpath to the left. In actuality note that either will get you to the top if you follow the signs. Also note that the junction w/ the Richmond Tr is a few more steps along the jeep road and not right at the split as indicated on the map. Here we’ll use the footpath to go up and the jeep road for the return just for a slight change of pace. Bear left onto the footpath. In 0.33 miles arrive at a junction of 2 jeep trails. The one to the right is the one you were walking on before.  

Turn left onto the new jeep trail. It will climb for 0.21 miles before making a sharp switchback to the right. Follow the switchback but soon turn left onto a rocky footpath. In another 0.23 miles reach a flat grassy area at the top. To the right will be the anchors of an old fire tower and then a gravel road. To the left is a rock outcrop that offers a 180 degree view of Page County.

After taking in the view retrace your steps to the junction of the 2 jeep roads discussed earlier. For a change of pace skip the short side footpath and follow the primary jeep road all the way back to the white blazed Geyer Tr. (This is the first trail you passed on the way up.) Turn left here and descend to Aughwick Rd. Cross and pickup the white blazed Cameron Tr. Soon arrive at the red blazed Plessinger Tr. Turn right and follow the trail to its northern terminus on the Lakeside Road.

Turn left onto the road and cross Aughwick Creek on a bridge. Bear left onto a gated gravel road. This is the Knobsville Rd Tr. It will soon split. The left fork goes to a group campsite. You want to bear right. In 0.28 miles pass an old logging road on the right (This also crosses your route near the end of the hike.) and then another on the left. Just above this is a bench and plaque describing a landslide that occurred at this location in the ‘90s. There is not much to see anymore from the bottom except a lot of new growth trees. The power and devastation of the event are a lot more obvious from the top. 

Continue up the road and soon come to the ruins of the old CCC camp incinerator. The road makes a sharp right turn here. Follow it. In another 0.43 miles come to a wooden deck that looks over the lake. The vista is not as grand as it used to be as the surrounding foliage is  constantly encroaching.

You’ll soon reach a high point on the road (not the ridge) and a turn around area. There will be a white blaze on a tree to the right. Ignore it and begin descending on the road behind the ridge. In about 0.35 miles from the lake vista come to the last overlook of the hike. It’s a pleasant pastoral view to the west. 

In another 0.30 miles arrive at a forest gate and sign for the white blazed Horseshoe Tr. There is also a sign warning of the trail's steepness. Turn right onto the footpath and climb, nose to toes, to the top. Take your time. The distance is only a bit more than 0.1 miles but you’ll ascend about 200 feet in that short distance. You might want to take a break at the top. From here you’ll descend at an equally steep rate but for about 0.4 miles. As you near the valley floor you’ll cross a logging road that you passed on your earlier ascent. At the bottom arrive at the junction with the Tuscarora Tr. Turn right onto it. Pass a campground road on the right and then cross the spillway on a bridge. Follow the trail and then an asphalt path around the lake for 0.53 miles until you arrive back at the bathrooms. If you are hiking there in season the concession stand at the beach sells all kinds of good stuff … including soft ice cream!

Printable/Downloadable Directions and Trail Notes

Critique This outing



Name:   Alex
Date(s) of Hike::  07/05/15
Hike Name   Cowans Gap SP - Tuscarora Tr
Ranking : 4

Outing Critique:        The Tuscarora trail was very overgrown, like the last few people have mentioned.  Up to Geyer Trail you're in the forest, and at times it there was so much cover it was difficult to follow the trail.  At Geyer it opens up into the jeep road, which isn't much better - easier to navigate, but covered in knee-high grass.  I went while there was still dew on the ground and my boots were soaked in minutes.  Poles and long pants are an absolute must.

I made my way down to the road on Richmond, which was fine but isn't cleared at all for the last ~50m.  At the bottom there was a sign that said it's closed for erosion control (at the top there's nothing to indicate this).  I didn't see anything at the bottom of Geyer to indicate it's still closed, so maybe check at the part office to see if it's open again.

The view at Big Mountain was spectacular, just don't expect an easy trail up.

Didn't do Knobsville or Horseshoe, kind of wished I did.  There's plenty of spigots around the lake if you want to refill water between Plessinger and Knobsville.

M.R. Hyker Note: The Geyer Tr is now open.


Name:   Fy
Date(s) of Hike: 06/12/2015
Hike Name :   tuscarora trail
Ranking : 2

Outing Critique:  My wife an I took a hike on Friday 06/12/2015. The first part of the trail was ok, you need to be in good shape to climb the trail to the top.  It has twists and turns and is very rocky.  Once at the top we took a brief rest on one of the overlook areas. As we continued the trail was rather dangerous as the path was overgrown with greenery and foliage  we almost fell several times twisted our ankle on a rock and cut my leg on a tree stump sticking out. The  reason for this is because it was so overgrown we could not see our feet and where we were stepping. It felt like we were in the middle of a jungle. We did not want to get lost so we had to turn around and come back. never made it to the Geyser trail, because we could not find it .


Name:   GB                                                                                                                  Hike: Cowans Gap SP - Tuscarora Tr
Date(s) of Hike: 05/28/15                                                                                       Ranking: 4

Outing Critique:        Very good hike.  Had to cut it short so I didn't do the second climb and descent.

IMPORTANT:  As of hike date, the Geyer Trail is closed.  You would only know this from a sign on the bottom of the trail - no marking at the top.  Fortunately, my instinct told me not to go down the trail at the top, as it looked quite overgrown.  Take the Log Roll Tr instead and walk a half mile or so on the street to the next trail.

The overgrowth situation on the Tuscarora ridge (as mentioned in previous review) has not improved. There were several portions of the ridge trail that required bushwhacking through nearly completely filled in forest.  I would say it has progressed beyond nuisance to mild danger in a few short spots.  Still passable, but you are guaranteed to pick up a few ticks and scratches plus an increased risk of twisted ankles from stepping on rocks that are difficult to see.


Name: Doug Metzler                                                                                                  Hike: Cowans Gap SP - Tuscarora Tr
Date: 10/30/2011                                                                                                      Rating: 4.8

Critique: We hiked this the day after a heavy early snowfall and the snow was ranging from 6 inches to knee deep. It was truly spectacular. The snow made it difficult enough (and daylight was short enough) that we cut out the final loop that comes down the horse shoe trail. Directions were excellent. Blazing and signage at junctions was very good but note that the blazes on the Plessinger trail are now an orangish yellow rather than the red indicated on the map. Since the snow obscured the trail on the Tuscarora trail, and snow was clinging to tree trunks we had to do a little exploring at a couple of places to find the next blaze, but it wasn't too hard. Usually pretty clear where to go. Geyer trail was pretty slippery and difficult in the snow but doable. By the time we hit Plessinger a lot of the ground snow was melted and there were many deep muddy places so I would suggest over ankle boots and gaiters, not low cuts, for these conditions. We drove out from Pittsburgh for th
 is and it was well worth the trip.


Name: Joseph Dooley                                                                                                Hike: Cowans Gap Loop
Date: 9/17/2011                                                                                                        Rating: 4.4

Critique: I did this hike in reverse, starting out across the dam, and opted to scramble along the ridge of Cowans Mountain to the logging road instead of taking the Horseshoe Trail back down. This is a truly great hike. Despite the crowded campgrounds, the trails were deserted. I only encountered two souls at the Big Mountain overlook and a third on his way up the Tuscarora Trail. In all, the 11-mile loop took this weekend warrior 8 hours to complete.

I started out across the dam to get the hardest section out of the way first and to minimize my time on the logging road. The other reviewers here are right: the Horseshoe Trail is the steepest trail around that doesn't require scrambling. There's no danger of falling to your death, but the climb is VERY trying, about 700 feet of rise over 2,200 feet of run. If I were going down the Horseshoe Trail, trekking poles are a MUST.

By comparison, the climb up the Guyer Trail later on was a cake walk, requiring only two stops to catch my breath. The out-and-back to Big Mountain is disappointing, as it follows an uninspiring access road for over 2 miles, but the overlook is worth it.

Conditions on the Tuscarora Trail between the gap and the junction with the Guyer Trail were less than ideal. The trail is littered with loose, sharp rocks, and sections of the trail are completely overgrown. However, there was little risk of losing the blue blazes. It was just a nuisance.


Name: Shari                                                                                                                 Hike: Cowan's Gap-Tuscarora Trail
Date: October 12, 2008                                                                                             Rating: 4.5

Critique: This was a really great trail with some fabulous views and lots of variety. The changing leaves were beautiful (and there were lots of them!). It was a fairly challenging hike that covered several miles and had some steep uphill and downhill sections. It was worth it though!


Name: John S                                                                                                              Hike: Cowans Gap SP - Tuscarora Trail
Date: 9/9/2008                                                                                                          Rating: 4.5

Critique: I did not do the hike along the ridge that overlooks the scenic lake at Cowan's Gap SP - I did a shuttle along the Tuscarora Trail. I did this hike during a Tuesday just after a heavy rain. It was absolutely deserted, and I assume in the fall that this hike is rarely traveled. I was the only person out during the entire 9 mile hike along the Tuscarora Trail to the overlook on Big Mountain and back. There are two great overlooks on the Cowan's Gap SP side of the Tuscrarora Trail, and the overlook at Big Mountain is incredible. I was highly impressed that a trail in PA would have as great an overlook as this. I wish I could have done this later in the Fall, as the changing leaves will provide and absolutely incredible scene from each of the overlooks and I'd highly recommend this hike to everyone who enjoys ridgeline/overlook type hikes.

Note: Be careful along this trail, on the way up to the crest of Tuscarora Ridge, the rocks can be incredibly slippery, especially after a good downpour. There are several rock scrambles and I'd advise you to bring hiking poles or pick up a walking stick at the trail head for insurance during your hike.


Name: Mike Stinefelt                                                                                                 Hike: Cowans Gap SP - Tuscarora Trail
Date: 11-25-06                                                                                                           Rating: 4.5

Critique: This is the second hike that I have gone on from this site and I must say that I will be going on many many more.

The only thing that kept this hike from becoming a 5 was that there was some backtracking and the last climb was all gravel access roads.  Other then that it was a great hike.

The first climb was definitely a wake-up call to remind you that you aren't walking around the local park.  I would say that this is the steepest climb that I have done except that the last climb of hike was truly STEEP...however short.

I would recommend this hike but it is not for beginners in tennis shoes.  It gets very rocky at several points and the steeps are STEEP (up and down ).


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